Presently programming languages are already aplenty, with most having a solid base of programmers using them. This decision largely hinges on demand and preferences. However, it is apparent that demand often takes precedence over everything else, as evidenced by the almost consistently changing trends in programming languages on a yearly basis.
Clean codes and overall better organization are the two main pulls of Python for many developers. To starters, it is also very amenable, being not at all difficult to grasp and known for using very simple codes. It is future proof in that it is currently one of the best languages for machine learning and data science.
Furthermore, it also enjoys a very active community that readily shares open-source modules, frameworks, and libraries that only serve to make development in the platform that much easier. As a result, expect Python to make this list consistently for years to come.
Java still has a comfortable lead over other development languages and for good reason. Even if it is fairly challenging to learn, it is the most versatile, due to its amazing server-side applications on app and web platforms alike.
Once firmly grasped and mastered, it is easy for developers to use the language consistently because it is highly readable and not complicated to manage, besides being object-oriented. The fact that it is one of the most secure and stable programming languages also makes it unsurprising why it has enjoyed such longevity and why it is the preferred language by major enterprises.
At present, it is still the top development language for Android and is often complemented by Kotlin in order to address the issues it cannot solve on its own.
PHP’s popularity may have suffered a blow lately with the rise of Python, but it is still arguably one of the best languages to use for websites. It is still the building-block of most WordPress sites, which in turn is still the most popular form the average website takes.
The community is also very active and continues to grow in number, despite the fact that some developers are quick to dismiss it as a “bad” programming language because it usually requires a lot of memory. Nothing beats the fairly developed ecosystem and low knowledge threshold that are characteristic of PHP.
C has been around since 1972, making it the oldest and most enduring development languages still being used today. While it may not be as relevant in 2020, learning C, which is the progenitor of Java, Python, and C++, will always optimally set any developer up for learning those languages.
Other advantages include the relatively faster and more adaptable application of C for the creation of embedded systems and more efficient computing. Of course, its long life can also be attributed to its legacy application.
C++, its direct offshoot, is still largely utilized in video games. It performs well in projects where there is large data management required and is considered as a high-performance language overall. However, there is a noticeable decrease in its popularity based on recent stats. Nonetheless, it is actually primarily used in IoT, one of the bustling technologies today, sealing C++ lingering relevance.